About Pitru Paksha
Pitru Paksha, also referred to as Mahalay, is a period of fifteen days. It is the time marked to devote or to offer respect to the deceased souls of loved ones and ancestors of the family. These fifteen days are called the “Pitru Paksha”, or most commonly known as the “Shraddha or Shradh” days. This period is also known as Pitru Pakshya, Pitri Pokkho, Sola Shraddha/ Sorha Shraddha in Nepali, Kanagat, Jitiya, Mahalaya Paksha and Apara paksha. The end date or the last day of Shradh will be marked by Hindus all over the world, by preparing food that is fed to priests and pandits and charitable work.
The ancestors in the Pitru Paksha comes to bless us. These souls are satisfied by giving sermons, pundas and incense. In order to give them peace and to get their blessings, from the full moon of Bhadrapad month, we donate and enrich the body of Ashwin till the new moon.
When it comes
In southern and western India, it falls in the 2nd paksha (fortnight) Hindu lunar month of Bhadrapada (September) and follows the fortnight immediately after the Ganesh festival. The dark half of Ashwina (September-October) is observed as Pitru Paksha throughout the Hindu religion.
The performance of Shraddha by a son during Pitru Paksha is regarded as compulsory by Hindus, to ensure that the soul of the ancestor goes to heaven. The scriptures preach that a householder should propitiate ancestors, along with the gods, ghosts and guests. If the ancestors are content with the shraddhas, they will bestow health, wealth, knowledge and longevity, and ultimately heaven and salvation upon the performer.
The ritual is also held on the death anniversary of the ancestor. The shraddha is performed only at noon, usually on the bank of a river or lake or at one’s own house. Families may also make a pilgrimage to places like Varanasi and Gaya to perform Shraddha. An annual Pitri Paksha Mela at Gaya on the banks of River Falgu. Pilgrims from all corners of the country visit Gaya for offering Pinda to their Ancestors.
This is done by making an offering of their favourite vegetarian food during the Pitru Paksha or Shradh Paksha, which comes right before the Sharad Navratri. The food offerings made to the ancestors are usually cooked in silver or copper vessels and typically placed on a banana leaf or cups made of dried leaves. The food must include Kheer, lapsi, rice, dal, the vegetable of spring bean and a yellow gourd.
It is believed to be a token of respect to the departed souls, who are still considered to be an integral part of Hindu families. Pitru Paksha is considered to be the perfect time to perform the Tarpan rituals. According to the Hindu sacred texts, rituals performed during the Shradh will appease the departed souls. A period of this 16 days is dedicated to the ancestors or forefathers each year.
Do’s and dont’s during Pitru Paksha
1. Give black sesame as grant
2.Make Brahmin eat food
3.Must provide food to the crows especially food grains
1.Do not disrespect guests in any way in your home during this period.
2.Do not disturb any animal in the Pitru Paksha
3.Do not eat stale foods
4.Do not cut trees
5.Do not wear new clothes
6.If you take meat, then you must avoid Pitru Paksha.
Pitru Dosha is a negative yoga that is created in a Horoscope if Rahu is placed in either the 2nd House, 4th House, 5th House or the 9th House. Due to these placements of Rahu, one may not be able to achieve great success despite having a lot of talent and abilities.
You can also get details of the other festivals….Click on the link below