About Jivitputrika Fast
There are many different vows to fulfill the desires of the Hindu religion or for the long and healthy life of someone. Some are honorable for religious purpose, some are made only on the basis of regional customs. One of these is ‘Jivitputrika fast’. Jivitputrika Fast is a significant fasting day in which mothers observe Nirjala fasting throughout the day and night for well-being of their children. This three-day-long festival is celebrated from the seventh to ninth lunar day of Krishna-Paksha in Ashwin month of Bikram Sambat.
When and Where it is celebrated
Jivitputrika fast is observed on Krishna Paksha Ashtami in the month of Ashwin as per Hindu lunar calendar. This fasting is mainly observed in Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh. Jitiya fasting is also popular in Nepal.
Jivitputrika or Jitya fasting has special significance in Hindu religion. This fasting is done for the welfare of the child. It is believed that this fast is done by fortunate women by the entire legislation for the age, health and well-being of their children. Women keep this nirjal vrat for the longevity and protection of their children. This fast continues for three days and the woman who holds fast on the second day of fasting does not even receive a drop of water all day and all night.
The story of this fast is related to Mahabharata period. It is said that Ashwatthama was very angry after the death of his father in the war of Mahabharata. There was a feeling of change in his heart. Due to this he entered the Pandavas camp camp. Five people were sleeping inside the camp. Ashwaththama considered him as a Pandava and killed him. All of them were Draupadi’s five children. Then Agarjan took him captive and snatched his divine gem. Ashwatthama conspired to take revenge to kill Abhimanyu’s wife Uttara, who was born in the womb. He destroyed the womb of Uttara by using Brahmastra. In such a way, Lord Krishna gave the fruits of all his virtues to the unborn child of Uttara and resurrected him in the womb. Due to his survival in the womb, the child had the name Jivitputrika. Since then, Jyati was fasting for the long life of the child and for Mangal. Afterwards this child became the king Parishit.
What to do on this day
One day before the fasting, i.e. on the day of Saptami, there is a rule of caution. Just like Chhath, Jyotia is eaten in the cavernous way. On this day the women wake up early in the morning and bath in Ganga and perform puja.
If you do not have Ganga around you, you can take a resolution of worship even by taking a normal bath.
Dinner is eaten only once a day. Satvic food is done on this day. Dish is made in Bihar this evening and at night the vegetable of Satpatiya or Zhingani is definitely eaten. In some places, there is a tradition of eating fish on the cafeteria. It is believed that it is auspicious to keep Jatia fast by eating fish.
The second day of fasting is called Khukti Jitu. On this day, women keep a noisy fast and do not eat anything till the next day.
On the third day, the fast ends with Paaran, taking the first food of the day. In Mithila, Tharuhat, the region of northeastern Bihar, and eastern Nepal, a variety of food and a special festival delicacy Jhor Bhaat, Noni ka saag and Madua ki Roti are prepared. In the Bhojpuri region of western Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh, and Nepal, Paaran is done with Noni ka saag, Maruwa ki roti, and a vegetable stew of zucchini.
You can also get details of the other festivals….Click on the link below