Dol Purnima Festival
Dol Purnima is the last festival of Bengali calender and celebrated from the ancient times. This festival is celebrated to give a warm welcome to the spring season. Holi is also known by the name of Dol Purnima in West Bengal. Basically, Dol Purnima is like Holi festival, in which people smear each other with different colors and also spray colored water on the people passing by. It is on this festivity that people get together and share joyous moments. The celebration is also called ‘Dol Jatra’, ‘Dol Purnima’ or the ‘Swing Festival’. The celebration is commended in a noble way by putting the icons of Krishna and Radha on a beautifully finished palanquin which is then taken round the fundamental bouleds of the city.
Dol Purnima harks the advent of Spring and is synonymous with Shri Radha Krishna. Around the region of Braj bhoomi – Mathura, Vrindavan, Barsana and Nandgaon this is one of the prime celebrations, on the last full moon day of Phalguna. It also marks the birthday of saint Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.
Days of Celebration
The first day of Deul is known as gondh. In the evening time, the full incarnation of Lord Vishnu, god Krishna become ready to visit Ghunucha’s place. His followers make a bonfire in front of the kirtan-ghar and with the beat of Vaishnavite drums, cymbals, idol of Krishna carried round the firework and then to the doul. During the festival, all the regular religious functions of kirtan ghar are performed.
The second day of Deul is known as Bhor-Deul that means main Dol. Bhor Deul is celebrated for just one day in the month of Chot and two three days in the month of Phalgun. The idols are coloured with faku on this day. The third day of Deul is also spent in the same manner as that of the second day.
The last and the fourth day of Doul festival is called Sueri. On that day, god Krishna is supposed to go back to the house of mother Lakshmi from the house of Ghunucha. Devotees bring down god Krishna to a palanquin and carried in a procession. Mother Lakshmi become angry with her husband god Krishna, because He stayed at Ghunucha’s place for all these days. The followers of Mother Lakshmi therefore stop the opposite group from entering her house. But at last, the bamboos are broken and Lord Krishna entered the campus and takes seven round of kirtan ghar. ‘He tires and takes rest for a while. Taking advantage of the peace, a devotee from Lakshmi’s side ‘reproves’ him; one of his devotees returns the reproof. In the end he admits defeat, like a peace loving husband, satisfies her with money and other presents and earns his admittance into the shrine. There ends the great Deul festival’.
How it is celebrated
Before starting with celebrations, people worship Radha and Krishna on this day. In some places special pujas and bhajans are also organsied. Once the ceremony gets over people indulge in play with colours. Colour powder is popularly known as ‘phag’ in Bengal. Shops remain closed on the day and people get all the time to drown themselves in the spirit of the festival. Following the tradition young people start the festival by applying phag on the pictures of the deceased in the family and then on the feet of the elders as a mark of respect. The elders bless them by applying colour on the faces. After this, phag is applied on anybody and everybody. People drink bhang, i.e., a mild milk beverage laced with marijuana. The best part about Dol Purnima festival of Kolkata India is that, on this day, people break all social barriers of caste, creed and religion. Poor touch rich and lower caste meets and greets upper caste.
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