Ambubachi Mela

Indian Festival

About Ambubachi Mela

The Ambubachi Mela is celebrated in the capital city of Guwahati, in the northeastern state of Assam in India. The Ambubachi Mela is the most important festival of the Kamakhya Temple of Guwahati. The temple is one of the 52 oldest Shakti peethas of the India and is also known as the ‘birthplace of earth’. The Ambubachi Mela is the celebration of the yearly menstruation course of Goddess Kamakhya. It is also believed that during the monsoon rains the creative and nurturing power of the ‘menses’ of Mother Earth becomes accessible to devotees at this site during the mela. It starts on the seventh day of Asad and usually falls during the monsoon season. This 4-day festival is celebrated with great religious values and is quite popular among the devotees. People from various corners of the world and country visit Guwahati to be a part of the festival. Every year a lot of pilgrims fly to this place few days advance to get the blessings of the Goddess.

When it is celebrated

The Ambubachi Mela in Guwahati is celebrated every year during the monsoon season, which happens to fall in around the middle of the month of June. the beginning date of Ambubachi Mela is June.

History

According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that the goddess Shakti killed herself when her father insulted her husband, Shiva, in front of a number of people. Hearing the news of her death; Shiva became extremely angry, and performed the Tandava or the dance of destruction with her body on his shoulder. In order to stop him, Vishnu released his Sudarshan chakra which sliced her body into 52 pieces, each part falling in different direction. It is said where the parts fell, the devotees built a temple dedicated to the Goddess like the Kamakhya temple. It is also believed that the temple of Kamakhya was destroyed once in the early 16th century and was rebuilt by the king of Cooch Behar.

Significance

The temple remains closed for three days and is opened to the public on the fourth day of the fair. The three days when the temple is closed for pilgrims is considered to be the time of the year when the goddess menstruates. It’s an auspicious period when women pray for fertility and celebrate the child bearing capabilities of women. During the Ambubachi Mela, people gather near the temple in large numbers. Various tantrics and sadhus who avoid making public appearances on regular basis visit the temple complex for the festival.

Other Details

The prasad is distributed in two forms – Angodak and Angabastra. Angodak literally means the fluid part of the body – water from the spring and Angabastra literally means the cloth covering the body – a piece of the red cloth used to cover the stone yoni during the days of menstruation.

Every year lakhs of pilgrims, starting from Sadhus to householders, from all over India, come to Guwahati to observe this festival. They include Sanyasins, black clad Aghoras, the Khade-babas, the Baul or singing minstrels of West Bengal, intellectual and folk Tantriks, Sadhus and Sadhvis with long matted hair etc. Even foreigners from abroad come to seek blessings of mother Kamakhya.

You can also get details of the other fairs….Click on the link below

Chandrabhaga Mela

Gangasagar Mela

Pushkar Fair

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